Public Shaming of AI Systems: The Case of AI Self-Driving Cars

Public Shaming of AI Systems: The Case of AI Self-Driving Cars


The pillory is a device made of a wooden or metal framework erected on a post, with holes for securing the head and hands, formerly used for punishment by public humiliation and often further physical abuse.

By Lance Eliot, the AI Trends Insider

Do you remember this childhood ditty: Sticks and stones may break your bones, but names will never harm you. This famous children’ s song dates back to the mid-1800s. That was a long time before the advent of today’ s globally pervasive social media.

In our modern world, names can hurt you.

Indeed, as we enter into 2019, we are on the precipice of sticks and stones being thrown at AJE overall, which I’ ll provide as an use case the particular recent protestations about AJAI self-driving cars, along with “ names” being lobbed at AI too.   There are qualms being expressed on social media about AI replacing human workers and thus wiping out people’ s livelihoods, there are concerns about how AI is undercutting our human rights of privacy, and there is typically the overarching name-calling that AI will possibly overtake our sense of freewill and ultimately enslave or wipe away humanity.

That’ s quite a bit associated with name calling.

In the case of AJE self-driving cars, the New York Times (NYT) ran an eye-catching headline-emboldened piece on December 31, 2018 regarding Arizonians that are apparently attacking self-driving cars. This the old-fashioned sticks and stones approach as a form of protest.

According to the NYT, a man slashed the tires regarding a Google Waymo self-driving car while the vehicle was stopped at an intersection in Chandler, Arizona, just outside of Phoenix. Others have reportedly thrown rocks at the Waymo self-driving cars and decided they don’ t want to have these AI embodied vehicles on their roadways. In one especially disconcerting instance, a man reportedly drove alongside the Waymo self-driving car and brandished a pistol, threatening the self-driving car and the human back-up driver inside of it.

There are also reported cases of human drivers and pedestrians that have tried to trick the Waymo self-driving cars into coming to an abrupt halt, doing so by getting in front involving the self-driving car plus either hitting their brakes while in front of the self-driving AI system, or as a pedestrian flaunting the AI system’ h predisposed cautiousness to avoid hitting someone or something by leaping into the path connected with the self-driving car.

I’ ve been referring to these kinds of incidents as a form of “ pranking” of AI self-driving vehicles and predicted that it will continue to expand, doing so as a type of sport, doing this in order to gain an advantage over a self-driving car, in addition to doing so as a form of protest in opposition of AI self-driving automobiles. Though you might at first consider these acts because seemingly harmless and perhaps jovial, any time that a person try to play tricks together with a multi-ton car that is in-motion, it is going to potentially have serious consequences. These are pranks that can produce life-or-death results. It’ s a bad trend.

For my article about the pranking with AI self-driving cars, see: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/pranking-of-ai-self-driving-cars/

For the dangers of pedestrians becoming roadkill by AJAI self-driving cars, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/avoiding-pedestrian-roadkill-self-driving-cars/

With regard to the crossing from the Rubicon about AI self-driving autos, see my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/crossing-the-rubicon-and-ai-self-driving-cars/

For this purported AI singularity that will we all face, observe my article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/singularity-and-ai-self-driving-cars/

THE PILLORY

Here’ s something else from earlier in history that might ring a bell through your elementary school history books, the use for a pillory for public shaming.

You’ ve probably seen a pillory and even didn’ t know that it was called a pillory. A pillory is a new device typically made about wood that a person would put their head and hands through three holes and be locked into the hinged wooden block to essentially be put on display. This was usually done in a public square for purposes in shaming a person. Some might call them blocks, though technically this actually a pillory.

The overall societal notion was to be able to force a person for you to be in the general public eye and allow often the public to see your person and know of which they were being shamed. Public humiliation would presumably cause the person to realize they had done something wrong and they would want to avoid being publicly humiliated again, thus they would no longer undertake whatever transgression got them into the pillory to begin with.

At times, the exact pillory was placed up on a raised platform to make the shaming more prominent. These pillories would be setup wherever people might have a good chance of seeing the person, such as in the town square or at some sort of key crossroads leading in to town. A description in the crime that the person presumably committed was frequently listed on a sign nearby the pillory. Within case you’ ve never perchance been locked directly into a pillory, it will be generally physical uncomfortable, together with so it is both a good mental shaming and your physically undesirable situation too. Usually the subject in the pillory would only need to be there for a few hours.

Whenever someone was confined to help the pillory, word would often quickly spread and additionally people would go out from their way to come and see who was in this and also seek to taunt the person. Thus, this wasn’ t just the fact that whomever wandered by the pillory would happen to notice the person, it has been actually a kind of notable event that would attract attention. This was an added “ bonus” for those attempting to shame the individual, since if otherwise no one actually came to discover the offender, it might not make perhaps since dramatic an impression upon that offending person not to mention have the justice impact intended. In some cases, the audience would mock the person and even throw items at them, such as rotted fruit or even worse still excrement coming from say a horse or perhaps other animal.

At times, the crowd would get rowdy and go overboard in terms of the foul treatment toward the particular person in the pillory. Officials would at times turn a blind eye to this behavior and let it happen, figuring that they weren’ t meting out that kind associated with punishment and it had been instead the wisdom regarding the crowd. If the crowd did harm the individual, that would send a signal to warn others that will getting into the pillory could have very adverse consequences. Sometimes, officials would overtly and intentionally provide rough treatment. The person’ t hair might be cut off, they might be whipped, they might be burned or scared, etc . In some instances, they might have some finger cutoff or other body maiming might take place.

On a rare occasion, the crowd might actually be sympathetic towards the particular person in the pillory. Perhaps the public thought the person was innocent of the claimed transgression. Or, maybe the man or woman committed the transgression yet the people believed the idea be done accidentally or maybe that the pillory seemed to be excessive punishment for typically the crime committed. In any case, the crowd might try to help this person to be more comfortable, providing water or shade. The crowd might protect the person from others that wanted to toss things at the man or otherwise shame all of them. The crowd might even throw flowers or at least put flowers next in order to the pillory to send a signal that these people did not believe the man or women deserved the punishment. It could be that often the person was a town hero that maybe politically was initially out of favor involving the town officials nevertheless that the public in large supported.

You may be thinking that this whole aspect of your pillory is just history. Nobody does this anymore, an individual might be saying. It’ s barbaric and we’ d not do some thing like that anymore, anyone insist.

You are right to the degree that within today’ s world we have other ways to shame people. The version connected with the pillory today is usually often found via the use of social media.

Social Media is the Modern Pillory

Social media has become a popular and also effective modern-day pillory.

Without much cost and effort, you can put someone straight into a kind of virtual pillory. Make a meme that is definitely catchy and it will go viral. Post anything untoward about someone about your blog, and it might get a million hits. Put together a fabulous short video clip shaming the person, and this could become a big draw on YouTube. It’ s i9000 easy to do. And, whereas in the past the pillory would only allow a town’ s worth of people to be able to participate in the shaming, you nowadays can have thousands upon thousands with people from all around the globe that can add to the shaming.

Admittedly, anyone isn’ t confined to the wood prevents and so they aren’ t forced to sit there and take that. On the other hand, the continual drumming across all of social media may be just as mentally shaming as was the exact pillory. Think too of which half of the planet is involved in shaming you, as well as it can be pretty damaging to your psyche and ego. The pace at which the public shaming can happen, as well as the aspect of its geographical spread, across countries, across languages, across cultures, it could be a harsh punishment for someone caught up in it.

At times, the online virtual pillory can easily become physical and real-world. A person shamed in social networking might find themselves being confronted when they will try to go and eat in a restaurant. Other patrons might yell at them or threaten them. The restaurant may possibly refuse to feed them an important meal. The person can be “ shamed” in all areas of life, when eating at a restaurant, when in an airport waiting for a flight, whenever walking down the street, when sitting in a park, and so forth Thus, the particular social media is more than merely a mental consequence for the person plus can have true physical consequences.

Consider too typically the reputational damage that can certainly be done. The human being punished within the old fashioned pillory might have been able to move to the new town and start their life over. Others the fact that they encounter might not have known about this prior pillory experience. With today’ s social media marketing, often the odds are that your virtual pillory will distribute far and wide, and the people will be judged everywhere. It also isn’ t going to readily go away, in that the normal pillory is something that happens for a few hours and it’ s more than, while with social media the virtual pillory may well last for years on end (or forever! ).

What does the pillory have to do with AI self-driving cars and trucks?

At the Cybernetic AI Self-Driving Car Institute, we are developing AI software for self-driving cars, and we also keep up using the latest trends related to AI and for you to self-driving cars.

One prediction I’ ve made can be that we will soon find the AI self-driving car being placed into the exact virtual pillory on social websites.

The New York Times article about people tossing rocks at AI self-driving cars in Arizona, brandishing a gun, slashing tires, in addition to other descriptions of exactly how these hooligans are acting up is just the tip of the iceberg for what will likely emerge in this coming year. It’ s going to become more of the stays and stones kind about efforts, unfortunately.

This will certainly also spur the name calling too.

Notice that I used the word “ hooligans” just now. We refer to those that are physically threatening the self-driving motor vehicles as hooligans because they are performing an illegal and highly dangerous act in their form in how they are choosing to help protest. I categorically and even unequivocally condemn it.

If they want to protest the emergence of AJE self-driving cars, I’ m fine with their doing so in any legal manner they wish, perhaps lobbying their local elected officials or putting upward signs or taking to web 2 . 0. Trying to showcase their protests via actually accosting the self-driving cars and potentially producing deathly outcomes is not the way to demonstrate their dismay or distrust.  

Right now, AI self-driving cars are just starting to gain some popularity. We’ re slowly seeing AI self-driving vehicles becoming used on our open public roadways. Until now, self-driving cars were on our roads while a kind of research and development effort. The auto makers and tech firms were using time on the public roads to try and figure out just how to code the AJAI self-driving car to work in the real-world. At some point, the auto makers together with tech firms are each deciding it’ s time to put their self-driving vehicle into use, such like ridesharing for the community, or perhaps as a means in order to deliver groceries or pizza to a customer that has bought their groceries online or ordered a new pizza online or via phone.

Let’ s clarify what it means to refer to an AI self-driving car. There are various levels of AI self-driving cars. The topmost level is considered Level 5. A Level 5 self-driving car is one that has the particular AI doing all typically the driving. For a Level 5, there isn’ t a human driver. There isn’ t even generally any provision for some sort of human driver (no pedals, no steering wheel, etc. ). The notion is that the AI is supposed to end up being able to drive this car, doing so like a human could, and additionally not need to rely upon a human for any kind of the driving. Self-driving cars less-than Level 5 are considered cars that require a human driver, this kind of that the AI not to mention the human driver co-share the driving task. There are dangers associated having the less-than Level five self-driving cars as to be able to the co-sharing aspects and also confusion that can arise.

For levels often the self-driving cars, see my post: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/richter-scale-levels-self-driving-cars/

For issues associated with co-sharing your driving task, see the article: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/human-back-up-drivers-for-ai-self-driving-cars/

Along with the AI self-driving automobiles that are less than Level 5, when those self-driving cars get into an accident of some kind, the exact odds are that the finger will be pointed at the human driver that was supposed to always be responsible for the behavior with the car. The auto makers and tech firms certainly prefer to point the finger at the particular human driver. This absolves the auto maker as well as tech firm for any blame in the accident, or so they hope it does. This something still for you to be ascertained. There are usually chances that the attempt to shift the attention to help the human driver could not work in all cases, and we’ lmost all eventually see court instances wherein the human driver is considered perhaps partially from fault plus the AI system considered also partially with fault.

Costly Lawsuits Could Slow Self-Driving Car Industry

Some are worried that if the auto makers as well as tech firms get pinned with lawsuits that usually are costly and lead to their AI being considered partially at fault, they’ ll become the cash cow that the lawsuits may all go after. In case this happens, it could dampen the efforts to create AI self-driving cars. Auto manufacturers and tech firms could possibly step back from their own efforts under concern from large payouts for lawsuits. Other though say that will this perhaps an appropriate marketplace control on typically the auto makers and tech firms, forcing those companies to make sure that their AI self-driving cars are sufficiently safe. If they can put self-driving cars onto our roads that aren’ t secure plus they can just pin the responsibility to the human being driver, presumably there’ ersus not much teeth inside stopping them from generating these unsafe vehicles.

Regarding more about responsibility and AI self-driving cars, check in with my article: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/responsibility-and-ai-self-driving-cars/

For some of the legal aspects and lawsuits about AJE self-driving cars, see our article: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/first-salvo-class-action-lawsuits-defective-self-driving-cars/

Intended for the bonanza of legal cases and AI self-driving autos, see my article: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/self-driving-car-lawsuits-bonanza-ahead/

For the true AI self-driving car on a Level 5, there’ s no means in order to pin an accident on a human driver in this self-driving car because there isn’ t one needed in there. Thus, often the auto maker or technology firm is potentially exposed. Now, if the AJAI self-driving car gets in any sort of accident with a conventional car or a less-than Degree 5 self-driving car, there’ s the chance of claiming that the other automobile caused the accident plus the finger can again be pointed to your human driver in of which other car. But, otherwise, the AI self-driving auto itself will get the spotlight of why it got into an accident.

To get regulations about self-driving cars and trucks, see my article: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/assessing-federal-regulations-self-driving-cars-house-bill-passed/

For analysis of a self-driving car accident, see my article: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/accidents-happen-self-driving-cars/

For overall elements about AI self-driving motor vehicles involved in accidents, look at my article: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/forensic-analysis-of-tesla-crash-based-on-preliminary-ntsb-june-2018-report/

The regular news media offers been very excited concerning covering AI self-driving motor vehicle stories. Most of the exact time, the story is certainly one of wonderment. AI self-driving cars are going to change society and offer many tremendous benefits. News media likes to tout this particular. The public at large is normally also eager to see the advent of AI self-driving cars. The public wants to know what’ nasiums going on. The news media wants to allow them know.

This intense interest will tend to be able to magnify anything notable with regards to AI self-driving cars. Sometimes a small story about a few “ breakthrough” in AJE self-driving cars gets star treatment by the information media, even though it’ s not really much of a genuine breakthrough. On the other side of the coin, any time an AI self-driving car or truck gets into an incident, it can also gain headlines. Love or hate, that’ s the method to get news the fact that will garner eyeballs in addition to attention.

For my content about fake news about AI self-driving cars, check out: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/ai-fake-news-about-self-driving-cars/

I’ meters predicting that we’ lmost all soon be reaching a stage of evolution of AJAI self-driving cars inside the people eye that will lead to public shaming. The AI self-driving car will possibly be placed into the online virtual pillory. The New York Occasions article provides an example associated with the kind of potential coverage that is heading to gradually come forth this year.

When an AI self-driving car gets into an accident, particularly a Level 5, the idea will generate intense focus. If the public believes that the Level a few self-driving car was out-of-hand, there’ s a chance of a severe backlash against all AI self-driving cars. When the auto maker or tech firm is not really ready to handle the crisis management aspects, they’ ll likely inadvertently contribute to the public shaming that will arise. Suppose with regard to example that the auto maker or tech firm seems to be stonewalling as to why the AI self-driving car did what it did, this could spark public outrage.

We’ re used for you to police today wearing body cams and when a shooting occurs, there is public demands for the video. A few police departments won’ to release the video, or even will only release it once an initial investigation has occurred. The reports and the public usually don’ t want to help wait. They want to know right away what happened. Holding back the video is without a doubt a sure way to get their ire. The police often say that the particular video can be misleading and even they want time for you to figure out what actually happened. The news and typically the public though often find out this as an excuse to not show what’ s there, and actually worse that it maybe implies the police were throughout the wrong and a good cover-up is taking place.

This quite this same for AI self-driving cars. Everyone knows that an AI self-driving vehicle has cameras, radar, sonar, and other such sensory devices. The moment a car accident occurs, the news together with the public will be expecting to see a release on the video and virtually any other sensory data, performing so that we can all judge as in order to what actually happened. The odds are that this car maker or tech firm will try to respond as the police departments possess, namely saying that time is needed to first review the sensor data and that at several future point it can be released. The media and the public aren’ t likely going to be willing to proceed along with this notion. They’ ll assume that will stonewalling is taking location, or worse.

For my personal article about conspiracy theories and AI self-driving vehicles, see: https://aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/conspiracy-theories-about-ai-self-driving-cars/

When the public gets enraged, you can bet often the virtual pillory will move into high gear. Social media is going to be flooded with consumer shaming. It will get a vicious cycle regarding some public shaming of which no one notices, and some other public shaming that appears to hit a chord and others will re-tweet it or otherwise share it with others. The particular clever meme’ s and additionally clever posts will often be super-viral.

The ire might possibly be aimed at AJE self-driving cars overall. This really is bound to be reflected in stock prices involving auto makers and technical firms that make AJAI self-driving cars, namely their particular stock price will drop precipitously. In the event the public shaming is large enough, regulators may perhaps get activated and try to introduce new legislation that will be onerous on AI self-driving automobiles. The whole thing may become a cascading mess of a loss of faith around AI self-driving cars.

There’ s a chance that your public shaming may be aimed at a specific automobile maker or tech company. In that case, the fallout among all AI self-driving automobile companies could be somewhat lessened. The main brunt will probably harm that particular organization that was involved on the accident occurring AI self-driving car. It could force that firm to retreat from their AI self-driving car quest. They can need to freeze their further roadway use. They might even stop their internal development efforts. It can cause the firm to be able to go into a “ find the witch” mode connected with self-discovery. And, if presently there are lawsuits, the agency will need to devote much of its resources to defending the lawsuit, which could detract from just about any further attempts at moving forward on their AJE self-driving car efforts.

The general public shaming bandwagon of AJAI self-driving cars might turn out to be powerful enough that this becomes nearly unstoppable. Rather than having just a momentary impact, such as for a day or a week, it might become more permanent and dominant. Some will be worried that it would certainly slow down innovations regarding AI self-driving cars. This might create such your stigma that AI developers refuse to get associated with an AI self-driving auto effort. They might leave those efforts, seeking for you to apply their AI skills to another thing such seeing that for spacecraft, for airplanes, or the like.

As mentioned earlier, the pillory can have momentary impacts or longer-term impacts. For a human in a pillory, getting their very own hand cutoff or becoming physically scared can last for life. For AI self-driving car companies the fact that get into the digital pillory, it could either mean just some bad press, of the momentary nature, or it may lead to help a widespread and ongoing pillaring of the business. There’ s even some chance that it may put them out of business. They might need to close down entirely their AJE self-driving car efforts. Perhaps they can save whatever else the firm does, though the tainting of their brand might have untoward impacts on the other parts of their enterprise.

AJAI self-driving car makers need to be getting ready for the exact virtual pillory. The vehicle makers and tech businesses should put in place appropriate crisis management capabilities and come to be well-prepared to cope by using claims that might range from genuine to bogus. Acting as though you were caught unawares is just not going to cut things. If you need to be forewarned to obtain prepared, I’ ve right now so informed you in order to get ready.

Of course, the auto makers not to mention tech firms should furthermore be designing, developing, and also fielding their AI self-driving cars inside a sensible manner. If they are skirting the right kinds with protocols and safety measures, the public shaming will not only likely occur, it might be likely to become well warranted.

For my article regarding the safety of AI self-driving cars, see: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/safety-and-ai-self-driving-cars-world-safety-summit-on-autonomous-tech/

For the boundaries of AI and self-driving cars, see my write-up: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/ai-boundaries-and-self-driving-cars-the-driving-controls-debate/

For factors about the coming public problems of Level 3 self-driving cars, see my document: https://www.aitrends.com/ai-insider/reframing-ai-levels-for-self-driving-cars-bifurcation-of-autonomy/

For the future of AJE self-driving cars and precisely how the Gen Z could be instrumental, see my own article: https://www.aitrends.com/selfdrivingcars/gen-z-and-the-fate-of-ai-self-driving-cars/

Some individuals historically inside pillory deserved to be there, most probably most deserved it.

Together with social media, it is actually at times not so clear that someone placed right into the virtual pillory really deserves the full extent of the punishment. Nonetheless, it really is todays rapid fire way to do a public shaming.

Let’ s try to be able to avoid the public shaming of AI self-driving autos, which will require the auto makers and technological firms to prudently as well as wisely decide when and where to deploy his or her emerging AI self-driving cars and trucks. The auto makers plus tech firms have to strive toward public revelation for AI self-driving cars in addition to cannot any further assume that it will just happen because of the excitement of this specific new form of driving.

Sticks and stones happen to be perhaps a precursor to a larger and global kind of name calling, of which the future of AI self-driving motor vehicles might get hampered or stopped if it gets its mind jammed into a pillory and cannot get itself out.

Copyright 2018 Dr. Lance Eliot

This content is originally posted on AJAI Trends.

Published at Fri, 11 Jan 2019 15: 45: 27 +0000

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